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Hattusa Ancient Ruins

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Hattusa, Turkey

Hattusa was the capital of the Hittite Empire, established before 2000 BC by the Hittite people, over existing settlements, that have been located in the area before 6000 BC. Its ruins lie near modern Boğazkale, Turkey. At around 1700 BC, King Anitta from Kussara burned and ruined the city of Hattusa and erected a column with an inscribed curse to warn future inhabitants.

At its peak, the city covered 1.8 km² and comprised an inner and outer portion, both surrounded by a massive and still visible course of walls erected during the reign of Suppiluliuma I (1344 - 1322 BC). Modern estimates put the population of the city between 40000 and 50000 at the peak. In the early period, the inner city housed a third of that number. The dwelling houses that were built with timber and mud bricks have vanished from the site, leaving only the stone-built walls of temples and palaces.

The city was destroyed, together with the Hittite state itself, around 1200 BC, as part of the Bronze Age collapse. Excavations suggest that Hattusa was gradually abandoned over a period of several decades as the Hittite empire disintegrated. The site was subsequently abandoned until 800 BC when a modest Phrygian settlement appeared in the area.

If you are going to see this, book a room nearby, you will need a couple of days. It's massive.

Hattusa is an archaeological site located in the central part of Turkey. It was once the capital of the Hittite Empire, which was one of the most powerful empires of the ancient world. The site is a fascinating place to visit, and it is one of the most important archaeological sites in Turkey.

When you arrive at Hattusa, you will be greeted by the impressive walls that once protected the city. These walls are some of the best-preserved ancient walls in the world, and they are a testament to the engineering skills of the Hittites. As you enter the city, you will see the remains of the many temples, palaces, and other buildings that once made up the city.

One of the most impressive parts of Hattusa is the Great Temple. This temple was dedicated to the Hittite gods and was the spiritual center of the city. The temple was built on a raised platform, and it was surrounded by a large courtyard. The walls of the temple were decorated with intricate carvings and reliefs, many of which are still visible today.

Another important part of Hattusa is the Royal Palace. This palace was the residence of the Hittite kings and was one of the most important buildings in the city. The palace was built on several levels, and it was decorated with beautiful frescoes and carvings. The most impressive part of the palace is the Lion Gate, which was the main entrance to the palace and was guarded by two stone lions.

As you explore Hattusa, you will also come across the many smaller temples and buildings that made up the city. These buildings are a testament to the religious and cultural life of the Hittites and provide a glimpse into their way of life. One of the most interesting buildings is the Sphinx Gate, which was the entrance to the city and was guarded by two large sphinxes.

Hattusa is a fascinating place to visit, and it is a must-see for anyone interested in ancient history. The site is well-preserved, and the many buildings and structures provide a glimpse into the life of the Hittites. The site is also surrounded by beautiful countryside, and there are many opportunities for hiking and exploring the surrounding area.

If you are planning a trip to Turkey, be sure to include Hattusa on your itinerary. The site is easy to reach from Ankara or Istanbul, and there are many tour companies that offer guided tours of the site. Whether you are a history buff or simply interested in exploring ancient ruins, Hattusa is a destination that should not be missed.

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